In oil painting, there are several painting techniques that can be used. These include, for example, the glaze technique, which is somewhat reminiscent of watercolor painting and in which several layers of paint from very thin liquid oil paints are applied, or the so-called Alla Prima painting. Alla Prima is derived from Italian, meaning “first” and refers to a painting technique in which the picture is painted without taking into account the drying times of the oil paints. In addition, there is the oil painting in the layer painting.

The encaustic is a painting technique that was mainly used in antiquity. It was painted with colors in which wax served as a binder. The colors were heated and applied to the ground in a hot condition.

Since wax repels water, the images were very weather-resistant and insensitive to moisture. The painting technique was used for example in Egyptian mummy paintings and antique murals. In the Middle Ages, however, the exact knowledge of the Enkaustik have been lost and to this day, despite numerous attempts have failed to reconstruct the painting technique in its original form. The fresco painting owes its name to the Italian term a fresco and is characterized by the fact that a fresh, not yet set limestone layer serves as a painting ground. By applying paint to the fresh layer of lime, the colors penetrate the lime and bind together with it.